The Asia-Pacific Laryngology Association (APLA) was established in 2017 by a group of specialists in Laryngology from a number of countries in the Asia Pacific region. The Association serves as an inclusive platform to share knowledge, developments, and challenges that may have unique Asian-Pacific cultural, social, and economic perspectives. While anatomy and physiology of the larynx may be similar the world over, approaches to diagnosis and treatment frequently are not. The Association is not-for-profit, and open to all physicians, researchers, allied health professionals, and trainees interested in managing problems related to the larynx, voice, swallowing, and upper airway.

Asia-Pacific Laryngology Association AIMS TO

Facilitate meetings, workshops, conventions and other educational activities for those interested in laryngology to development of basic sciences and related clinical practice.

Promote current best practice training and treatment in laryngology structure, function and disorder throughout ASIA-PACIFIC.

Establish and maintain communication between professionals in the field of laryngology, liaise with other similar organisations worldwide and furthermore advocate with government and health providers.

  • CHAIRMAN’S MESSAGE       Vasant


    Laryngology in the twenty first century : A message from Founder Chairman, Mr Vasant Oswal, UK

    Manuel Garcia, a singing teacher is considered to be the first individual to view the functioning glottis in its entirety in 1854. He developed a tool that used two mirrors for which the sun served as an external light source. Garcia was able to observe his own functioning vocal cords and the upper segments of his trachea. His findings were presented at the Royal Society of London in 1855. Literature on the net is full of historical landmarks noting various refinements in the quest of anatomical and physiological assessment of the larynx as an outpatient procedure. However, it is noteworthy that, while the humble mirror remained the indirect laryngoscope for over a century, the major impact to the advancement of Laryngology has to be the source for bright illumination. Sunlight was replaced by candle light, which in turn was replaced by incandescent electric bulb following its invention by Thomas Edison in 1879. During my residency in 1960, I wore a head mirror with a head band. A light beam from Bulls eye lamp was focused on to the head mirror. By suitably adjusting the head mirror, the beam was reflected towards the patient. A small ‘laryngeal’ mirror was warmed on a spirit lamp to prevent fogging. The tongue was pulled out with one hand to expand the oropharynx and the laryngeal mirror was placed in the oropharynx. The beam from the head mirror illuminated the laryngeal mirror, which in turn illuminated the larynx. After checking any pathology affecting the larynx, patient was told to say ‘eee’. This resulted in movement of the cords towards the midline. Any impairment in full adduction was noted. Since the view of the larynx was a mirror image, the procedure was called indirect laryngoscopy. Topical anaesthesia was necessary in some patients with active gag reflex. The only ‘therapeutic’ application of indirect laryngoscopy was for removal of fish bone stuck in pyriform fossa or in the posterior third of the tongue. This required dexterity and also some skill acquisition, since the view was a mirror image and movements of forceps to catch the bone needed to be in opposite direction, as seen in the mirror! Some older agile surgeons also took biopsy of cancerous mass in the larynx, in the outpatient.

    Medical field is a fertile ground for embracing technological advances. Since my days as resident in the sixties, there have been enormous inroads in the Laryngology, both in the office setting and in the operating theatre. Ever-increasing knowledge of vocal fold anatomy and physiology has seen a quantum leap in the clinical and surgical practice of Laryngology. An all-important shift has taken place from a mere removal of disease, to preservation of laryngeal functions –protection of airway, respiration, phonation and swallowing. Transoral surgery for laryngeal lesions is now first line standard management for all benign and early glottic lesions. High energy devices such as laser, RF, micro-debriders have ensured that preservation of laryngeal function remains focussed.

    Use of hi-tech equipment, both in office setting and in the theatre has identified challenging training requirements away from the patient, in a physical simulation set-up of a lab. Past decade saw explosion in teaching courses in Laryngology. With so much more that can now be done in the larynx transorally, more and more surgeons are choosing Laryngology as their subspecialty. Others, engaged in general ENT practice want to learn more in Laryngology to offer a better surgical outcome for their patient population. Laryngology as super (or sub) speciality has come of age. It is little wonder therefore, that increasing number of courses and conferences, dedicated to Laryngology alone have found a larger clientele. Likewise, a number of professional organisations solely for the science and art of Laryngology have also been established.

    Laryngology Voice Association (LVA) is one such organisation which was established in 1995 in India. Since 2012, it has held annual conferences and courses in various metropolis cities in India. The last one (2017) was held in Bangalore, with an attendance of 350 ENT professionals from US, UK, Japan, Singapore, Iraq, Egypt, Philippines, Bangladesh and of course, India.

    Asia-Pacific region represents diverse socio-economic countries. While some nations have advance technology in a dedicated Laryngology set-up, particularly in metropolis, others remain rudimentary by today’s standard. A bold initiative was proposed under my Chairmanship and Dr Sachin Gandhi’s Presidency, to enlarge the scope of the science and art of Laryngology for a wider audience in the Asia-Pacific countries. A unanimous vote of some 35 participants present at the meeting, ensured that the proposal was worthy of further exploration. In addition, some countries’ leading surgeons, who could not be present in Bangalore, were also supportive. This group of participants were voted to be founding members of Asia-Pacific Laryngology Association (APLA). A working party was established to deliberate the various aspects of forming the umbrella body in the name APLA, with membership of existing national Laryngology associations in the region. Although the new Association has intonation of geographical area (Asia-Pacific), for the purposes of the professional organisation, geographical boundaries should not count and any individual, laryngology interest groups or Laryngology Societies are welcome to become member, irrespective of their geographical location.

    This website is therefore a precursor of what is to follow in substance, and readership of this website in invited to send comments to the contact tab, you are very much welcome.


    Short_History_of_Laryngoscopy.pdf
    /wiki/Thomas_Edison

  • PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE       Vasant


    It gives me immense pleasure to launch the official website of Asia-Pacific Laryngological Association (APLA). I consider it an honour to be the President of the Association, and uniting the laryngologists of the Asia-Pacific region.

    The main objective of forming this association is to promote exchange of knowledge, research and training in laryngology in the Asia-Pacific region. APLA will thus collaborate with Courses and Conferences dedicated to Laryngology, thus exposing them to a much wider audience in the Asia-Pacific region and further afield. It will also encourage designated APLA sessions within the general annual ENT conferences, thus enriching the scientific programme with a wider participation.

    The 1st APLA Congress will be held in under the auspices of APLA in Singapore in 2019, followed by 2nd APLA Congress is proposed in Pune, India, in 2021.

    Finally, let me conclude by thanking all of you for your support and we look forward to the continued support and active involvement of the entire membership to carry out our activities in future.

  • Mr. Vasant Oswal, MB, MS, FRCS(Eng), FRCS(Ed), DLO,DORL
    View CV
    Mr. Liam Flood, FRCS, FRCSI
    View CV
    Dr. Sachin Gandhi, MS, FRCS
    View CV
  • The following office bearers were elected by the founding members (and proxy votes) at the first business meeting of APLA held in Bangalore in September 2017.

    Chairman:
    Dr Vasant Oswal – UK

    President:
    Dr Sachin Gandhi – India

    Vice Presidents:
    Dr Paul Castellanos – USA
    Dr David Lau – Singapore
    Dr Kamrul Hassan Tarafder – Bangladesh
    Dr SM Khorshed Alam Mazumdar – Bangladesh
    Dr Ichiro Tateya – Japan

    Coordinating Committee:
    Dr Shashank Gupta – India
    Dr John Hector Pagdanganan – Philippines
    Dr Rohan Bidaye – India
    Dr Ahmed Elsobky – Egypt

    Secretary General:
    Dr Navin Patel – India

    Treasurer:
    Dr Nilanjan Bhowmick – India


  • Bangladesh
    Dr. Kamrul Hassan Tarafder

    Egypt
    Dr. Ahmed Elsobky

    India
    Dr. Navin Patel
    Dr. Shashank Gupta
    Dr. Rohan Bidaye
    Dr. Sachin Gandhi
    Dr. Nilanjan Bhowmick

    Iraq
    Dr. Basim Yas

    Japan
    Dr. Ichiro Tateya

    Jordan
    Dr. Ahmad Al Omari

    Oman
    Dr. Rajan Cherian

    Philippines
    Dr. Rodel Velasquez
    Dr. John Hector Pagdanganan

    Russia
    Dr. Sergei Karpischenko

    Singapore
    Dr. David Lau

    Srilank
    Dr. Devanand Jha

    UK
    Dr. Vasant Oswal
    Dr. Guri Sandhu

    USA
    Dr. Paul Castellanos
    Dr. James Thomas


  • Bangladesh
    Dr. Kamrul Hassan Tarafder
    Dr. S M Khorshed Alam Mazumdar

    Egypt
    Dr. Ahmed Elsobky

    India
    Dr. Dev Roy
    Dr. Ashok Purohit
    Dr. Thirunavukarassu
    Dr. Monark Shah
    Dr. SuhelHasan
    Vrushali Desai
    Dr. Nilanjan Bhowmick
    Dr Manish Munjal
    Dr Neha Sood
    Dr. Rohan Bidaye
    Dr. Sachin Gandhi
    Dr. Navin Patel
    Dr. (Brig.) WVBS Ramalingam
    Dr. Rakesh Datta
    Dr. Sachin Nilakhe
    Dr. Dinesh S
    Dr. Amit Anand
    Dr. Bharathi MB
    Hemant J Patel
    Dr. Krishnamurthy N
    Dr. Anurag Ramavat
    Dr. A Ravikumar
    Dr. Manjunath MK

    Iraq
    Dr. BasimYas

    Japan
    Dr. Masahiro Tanabe
    Dr. Ichiro Tateya
    Dr. Shinya Hiroshiba

    Jordan
    Dr. Ahmad Al Omari

    Oman
    Dr. Rajan Cherian

    Philippines
    Dr. Rebecca R Feliciano
    Dr. Paula Sigma Javier
    Dr. John Hector Pagdanganan

    Russia
    Dr. Sergei Karpischenko

    Srilanka
    Dr. DevanandJha

    Singapore
    Dr. David Lau

    UK
    Mr. Vasant Oswal
    Dr. Guri Sandhu

    USA
    Dr. Paul Castellanos
    Dr. James Thomas

  • India
    Brig (Dr.) WVBS Ramalingam
    Dr. Dev Roy
    Dr. Ashok Purohit
    Dr. Rakesh Srivastava

    Switzerland
    Dr Kishore Sandu

    UK
    Prof. Paul O’Flynn
    Dr Guri Sandhu

Collaborating Associations

LAVA
PSO
SOHNSB